Mosaic Plant - Acanthaceae - Fittonia Albivenis Verschaffeltii Group.

What You Need to Know About the Mosaic Plant – Acanthaceae – Fittonia Albivenis Verschaffeltii Group

Fittonias are creeping, stem-rooting, evergreen plants that grow naturally in the warm, moist conditions of the trop­ical rain forests of Peru. Commonly known as the mosaic plant, this group comprises attractive, small plants that have downy, deep olive-green leaves, 2½—4 in. (6—10 cm) long, with a dense network of rose-pink veins.

The leaves are oval and are carried on stems 3 in. (8 cm) long. The white flowers are borne in slender 4-angled spikes, up to 3 in. (8 cm) long, but they are largely concealed by bracts. F.a. Argyroneura Group, known as silver net plant, has slightly larger leaves that are emerald-green, closely net-veined with silver-white.

Size: Height 6 in. (15 cm).

Light: Partial shade.

Temperature: Preferably a constant 65°F (18°C).

Moisture: Careful watering is vital: too much and the roots will rot; too little and the leaves will shrivel and drop. Keep barely moist at all times. Feeding Provide half-strength liquid fertilizer every two weeks in spring and summer.

Propagation: Take 2 in. (5 cm) tip cuttings in spring, or layer by placing the pot inside a larger one filled with soil mix. Pin the tip of a shoot down onto the soil with a wore hoop until it roots, then gently sever it from the parent and pot it up.

Special needs: Fittonias are ideally suited to planting in a bottle garden or terrarium as they need high humidity to really grow well.