The echeverias are succulent ever green plants originating from dry semi desert regions where they have adapted to make full use of all the available water. E. agavoides, from Mexico, has fleshy, mid-green, triangular leaves arranged in a rosette around the short stem. They are sharply pointed and waxy, with trans parent margins.
The flower head has two branches with small flowers which open successively from the base of the curled spike to the tip. Each is bell-shaped, pink-orange outside, yellow within, and about ½ in. (12 mm) across. If the plant is grown in full sunlight, the edges of the leaves will take on a reddish tint.
E.a. ‘Metallica’ has purple-lilac leaves, turning olive-bronze. E. secunda has short stems, forming clumps as it produces offsets. The rounded, succulent leaves are tipped with a bristle and feel waxy. They are up to 2 in. (5 cm) long and pale green, tipped and edged with red. Red flowers with a yellow center may be produced in early summer on 12 in. (30 cm) long stems.
Size: Spread 6 in. (15 cm).
Light: Direct sunlight.
Temperature: Normal room. Keep at 55—60°F (12—15°C) for winter rest.
Moisture: Keep barely moist.
Feeding: Use standard liquid fertilizer once a month from spring to fall.
Propagation: Take leaf cuttings or remove offsets.
Special needs: Overwatering, even to a small extent, will cause soft growth, which is likely to rot.