These semi terrestrial orchids originate in countries from Asia to Australia and are among the easiest to cultivate, especially the miniature hybrids. They have a rhizomatous root system with short pseudobulbs and carry leathery, straplike leaves and upright stalks of waxy flowers in shades of white, yellow, green, pink, red, or maroon.
They open along the flower stem over a period of several weeks in winter or spring, each bloom lasting up to six weeks, and each plant, once mature, bearing up to six flowering stems per season. C. ‘Highland Canary’ has maroon-edged lips and speckled columns.
Size: Height 18 in. (45 cm).
Light: Indirect sunlight.
Temperature: Normal room. During the winter rest period, keep at about 60°F (15°C). In fall needs chilling at 40—45°F (5—7°C) to set buds.
Moisture: Keep moist from spring to fall. In winter, apply enough water to prevent the soil drying out.
Feeding: Give standard liquid fertilizer every two weeks in spring and summer.
Propagation: Divide immediately after flowering by washing away the growing medium and cutting the rhizome with a clean, sharp knife. Each piece must have at least two pseudo bulbs and some roots.
Special: needs Increase the humidity by placing the pot on a tray of moist pebbles and misting regularly in high temperatures.